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Multiple pregnancy 

Multiple pregnancy
Multiple pregnancy

Murray Enkin

, Marc J. N. C. Keirse

, James Neilson

, Caroline Crowther

, Lelia Duley

, Ellen Hodnett

, and Justus Hofmeyr

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date: 28 October 2020

“Multiple pregnancy poses particular problems for women, their infants, and for their caregivers. Women are likely to experience the common, unpleasant symptoms of pregnancy, such as heartburn, backache, hemorrhoids, difficulty walking, and tiredness to a greater degree than women with a singleton pregnancy. They are more likely to suffer from anemia, hypertension, pre-eclampsia, preterm labor, and operative delivery. The increased risks to the babies include congenital malformations, monochorionicity (both babies sharing one placenta), poor fetal growth, preterm birth, and perinatal death. For the survivors, in the long term there is a greater risk of cerebral palsy. Chapter 17 covers prenatal care, advice and support, nutrition, ultrasound, preterm birth, cervical cerclage, prophylactic betamimetic agents, home uterine-activity monitoring, hospitalization in multiple pregnancy, and delivery.”

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