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Unpleasant symptoms in pregnancy 

Unpleasant symptoms in pregnancy
Unpleasant symptoms in pregnancy

Murray Enkin

, Marc J. N. C. Keirse

, James Neilson

, Caroline Crowther

, Lelia Duley

, Ellen Hodnett

, and Justus Hofmeyr

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date: 27 October 2020

Although an uncomplicated pregnancy is generally considered to be a state of health rather than a disease, it is frequently accompanied by symptoms that, at other times or in other circumstances, might be thought to be signs of illness. The so-called ‘minor symptoms’ of pregnancy, such as nausea and vomiting, tiredness, backache, heartburn, constipation, hemorrhoids, vaginal discharge, leg cramps, varicose veins, and edema, are unpleasant and can cause significant discomfort. The many women who suffer from them may have to make major changes in their lifestyle and behavior. Preventing or alleviating those symptoms is an important aspect of antenatal care.

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