Show Summary Details
Page of



Ivan Donaldson

, C. David Marsden

, Susanne A. Schneider

, and Kailash P. Bhatia

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 May 2022

Restlessness is characterized by excessive purposeless or semi-purposeful voluntary activity. It may take the form of fiddling with objects and body parts, or making unnecessary limb movements, including tensing muscles, squeezing the hands, swinging the legs, crossing and uncrossing the knees, and shuffling the feet. It can also produce shifting of body position when lying or sitting and in more extreme forms may result in rising and pacing about. Often the same sequence of movements is repeated over and over again. Restlessness is usually, although not always, accompanied by feelings of inner tension and stress.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.