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Basal ganglia calcification 

Basal ganglia calcification
Chapter:
Basal ganglia calcification
Author(s):

Ivan Donaldson

, C. David Marsden

, Susanne A. Schneider

, and Kailash P. Bhatia

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780192619112.003.0536
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date: 29 May 2020

Calcification in the brain occurs in various tumours, infarcts, haematomas, arteriovenous malformations, hamartomas, tuberous sclerosis, Sturge–Weber syndrome, cysticercosis, toxoplasma and cytomegalic inclusion disease, tuberculomas, etc. Such focal calcification in sites of brain injury (metastatic calcification) is not the subject of this chapter. Nor do we consider microscopic calcification in the brain. We are concerned with macroscopic calcification in the basal ganglia.

We will first discuss incidental basal ganglia calcification. Then we will describe the various pathological causes of striatopallido-dentate calcifi cation. Finally, we will put forward a scheme for investigation of pathological basal ganglia calcification.

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