Show Summary Details
Page of

Leprosy 

Leprosy
Chapter:
Leprosy
Author(s):

Remide Arkun

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190938178.003.0097
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 21 May 2022

Chapter 97 reviews leprosy (Hansen disease), which is a chronic granulomatous infection caused by the obligate intracellular bacillus, Mycobacterium leprae. The disease is still endemic in various regions of the world with 70% of cases in India, Myanmar, and Nepal. Skin and peripheral nerves are primarily affected. Nerve involvement results in loss of sensory and motor function, which may lead to frequent trauma and amputation. Nerve abscesses may occur in various forms of leprosy because of caseation of nerve fasciculi. The ulnar nerve is most commonly involved. Ulcers, osteomyelitis, periostitis, and other neuropathic changes in the bones of the hands and feet are the result of prolonged anesthetic changes seen in leprosy patients. Radiography is the initial imaging technique for bone lesions. US and MRI are used in the evaluation of nerve involvement.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.