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Musculoskeletal Echinococcosis (Hydatid Disease) 

Musculoskeletal Echinococcosis (Hydatid Disease)
Chapter:
Musculoskeletal Echinococcosis (Hydatid Disease)
Author(s):

Remide Arkun

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190938178.003.0096
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date: 09 December 2021

Chapter 96 reviews musculoskeletal echinococcosis (hydatid disease). Human echinococcosis is a parasitic disease caused by tapeworms of the genus Echinococcus. It is a zoonotic infection with widespread infestation in the Mediterranean region, Central Asia, South America, southern Europe, and Australia. Humans are infected secondarily by ingestion of contaminated food or water. The disease can be seen even in nonendemic areas. Although hydatid disease can develop in almost any part of the body, it is most commonly found in the liver and lung. Musculoskeletal involvement is rare and reported in 1-4% of cases. Evaluation usually begins with radiography. The radiologic appearance of musculoskeletal echinococcosis mimics tumors and other inflammatory conditions.

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