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Osteomyelitis of the Long and Flat Bones 

Osteomyelitis of the Long and Flat Bones
Osteomyelitis of the Long and Flat Bones

Sumer N. Shikhare

, and Wilfred C. G. Peh

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date: 25 June 2022

Chapter 86 highlights the imaging manifestations of osteomyelitis (OM) involving the long and flat bones. OM refers to inflammation of the bone and bone marrow caused by underlying infection, classically bacterial. Long and flat bone OM can occur either because of hematogenous spread, direct inoculation or from a contiguous source of infection. The severity depends on the factors such as organism isolated, pathogenesis, extent of bone involvement, duration of infection, and host factors such as age and immune status. Imaging plays a crucial role in the early diagnosis of OM with MRI being the modality of choice. Both acute and chronic forms of OM are still a big challenge to treat, even in the era of advanced antibiotics and new surgical techniques. Imaging helps in early diagnosis, which in turn helps to initiate early treatment.

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