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Kevin B. Hoover

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date: 09 December 2021

Chapter 84 discusses mucopolysaccharidoses, which are genetic, lysosomal storage diseases resulting in the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) in the soft tissues. Musculoskeletal complications of mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) are common beginning in childhood. These result from abnormal ossification and periarticular GAG accumulation. Radiographs of the axial and appendicular skeleton (skeletal survey) are used for the baseline assessment of MPS disease. Progression of skeletal abnormalities is monitored with annual cervical spine MRI. Stem cell transplantation is the treatment of choice in MPS I, and enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) is the treatment of choice in MPS I Hurler-Scheie and Scheie, MPS II, and MPS VI.

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