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Thyroid Diseases 

Thyroid Diseases
Chapter:
Thyroid Diseases
Author(s):

Kevin B. Hoover

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190938178.003.0081
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date: 09 December 2021

Chapter 81 discusses thyroid diseases. Thyroid hormone is a regulator of normal physiology, including normal function of the musculoskeletal system. The most important causes of both elevated thyroid hormone levels (hyperthyroidism) and decreased hormone levels (hypothyroidism) are diseases of the thyroid gland. These are primarily diagnosed using serum testing and thyroid imaging. Muscle weakness is a common musculoskeletal complaint in both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. In adults, osteoporosis is often evaluated in hyperthyroid patients using DXA, however, other musculoskeletal manifestations are often incidentally detected. Treatment options include radioactive iodine ablation of the thyroid gland, medical therapy, and surgery.

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