Show Summary Details
Page of



Peter J. Haar

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 28 January 2022

Chapter 71 discusses osteoporosis, which is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by generalized loss of bone mass. Osteoporosis is the most common metabolic bone disorder. Symptoms in osteoporosis arise from complications, particularly fractures. Early diagnosis is important because osteoporotic fractures can markedly decrease quality of life and reduce life expectancy. Radiography alone is inadequate for detecting early bone loss. MRI has a higher sensitivity for detecting nondisplaced fractures in osteopenic bone than does radiography. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the gold standard for diagnosis and fracture risk prediction. Detection of fragility and insufficiency fractures is highly important in patient care, often initiating lifestyle modification and pharmacologic therapy.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.