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Scoliosis 

Scoliosis
Chapter:
Scoliosis
Author(s):

Dorothy L. Gilbertson-Dahdal

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190938178.003.0114
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date: 28 January 2022

Chapter 113 discusses scoliosis. The chapter focuses on the definition of scoliosis, causes, and imaging strategy. Imaging findings and treatment options are also discussed. Scoliosis consists of the presence of one or more lateral and rotatory curves of the spine. Scoliosis can be acquired or it can be congenital and associated with numerous other anomalies including vertebral anomalies. Degenerative scoliosis also occurs secondary to degenerative s or facet disease in elderly adults. Radiography should be the primary study with MRI indicated if underlying osseous or neurologic pathology is suspected. Progression depends on the magnitude of scoliosis and skeletal maturity. Treatment options include observation, bracing, or surgery.

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