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Concussion 

Concussion
Chapter:
Concussion
Author(s):

Amy A. Mathews

and Kathleen R. Bell

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190936259.003.0009
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date: 26 June 2022

The diagnosis, evaluation, and management of concussion requires a systematic and thorough approach. In the acute setting, providers should effectively screen for concomitant injuries as well as address presenting symptoms of concussion. Concussed individuals may experience a number of somatic, cognitive, behavioral, and affective changes that require timely management. Concussion management also requires the ability to provide appropriate education and guidance as individuals return to activity. Although a majority of individuals who sustain a concussion improve within weeks, certain individuals may require continued treatment for persistent symptoms. Evidence regarding the long-term sequelae of concussion and cumulative trauma is still being developed, but it is important for the concussion provider to be able to counsel individuals about potential complications of concussion and preventative measures.

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