Show Summary Details
Page of

Penetrating Brain Injuries 

Penetrating Brain Injuries
Penetrating Brain Injuries

Zachary L. Hickman

and Konstantinos Margetis

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 02 July 2022

Penetrating brain injury (PBI) may result from missiles (high velocity) or non-missiles (low velocity), with the latter having a better prognosis and more frequently resulting in favorable patient outcomes. Certain risks, complications, and management principles are common across all types of PBI. These include the potential for the development of mass lesions, cerebral edema, and neurological deterioration, as well as a high risk of concomitant cerebrovascular injury, CSF leak, infection, and posttraumatic seizures. In most cases, urgent surgical treatment is warranted to mitigate these associated risks. This chapter will focus primarily on the assessment, diagnostic workup, decision making, and management of non-missile and low-velocity PBI.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.