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Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues 

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues

Karolina Lisy

, Nick Hulbert-Williams

, Jane M. Ussher

, Alison Alpert

, Charles Kamen

, and Michael Jefford

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date: 09 May 2021

People identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) often experience unique issues and needs in the context of cancer care. These include experiences and fear of discrimination within heteronormative healthcare environments, assumptions of cisgender/heterosexual identity, exclusion of same-sex partners from care, and a lack of relevant supportive care and information resources. There are also unique impacts of cancer and treatment on LGBT sexuality and fertility. To provide the best possible care for LGBT people living with and after cancer, providers must understand the specific needs of LGBT people and be aware of strategies to deliver inclusive healthcare services. This chapter presents key background information to contextualize the needs of LGBT people with cancer before discussing specific challenges that LGBT people may face when accessing cancer care. We provide guidance for general cancer care, as well as specific concerns regarding the sexual health and fertility needs of LGBT patients. Finally, we outline issues for consideration by healthcare services seeking to advance LGBT awareness and improve care for this patient group.

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