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An Osteopathic Approach to Functional Digestive Disorders 

An Osteopathic Approach to Functional Digestive Disorders
Chapter:
An Osteopathic Approach to Functional Digestive Disorders
Author(s):

Deirdre Nazareth

, and Daniel Orchard

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190933043.003.0009
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date: 09 May 2021

Alternative treatments for gastrointestinal (GI) diseases, of which irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) ranks as one of the most common functional GI disorders, are needed because the current medical treatments have deleterious side effects and do not significantly improve quality of life (QOL). Furthermore, symptoms relapse and disease incidence have risen, underscoring its complex nature and substantial burden on the economy, hospitals, patients, and families. This chapter will discuss how an osteopathic approach embraces the concept of the biopsychosocial model, which allows a multipronged strategy for treating chronic pain conditions, using IBS as a model of chronic pain, poor QOL, and disability, and how the understanding of pain neurophysiology can further aid this approach as a viable treatment option for long-term patient satisfaction and improvement in QOL.

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