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Lifestyle Medicine 

Lifestyle Medicine
Chapter:
Lifestyle Medicine
Author(s):

Marvin M. Singh

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190933043.003.0029
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date: 28 July 2021

The digestive tract, which houses the more than 100 trillion microorganisms known as the gut microbiome, plays a central role in achieving and maintaining optimal health and wellness. Furthermore, modulation of the gut microbiome via particular lifestyle interventions may help in the management and prevention of chronic diseases. Toxin avoidance, appropriate dietary choices, adequate exercise, appropriate sleep quality and quantity, mitigation of stress, and social interconnectedness are central concepts to the development of any lifestyle program. Utilizing a personalized approach can help patients optimize their health according to their genes, gut microbiome composition, metabolomics, and environmental factors. While this is an emerging field of medicine, there is substantial evidence to date that supports the key role that these elements play in health, well-being, and longevity.

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