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Functional Medicine 

Functional Medicine
Chapter:
Functional Medicine
Author(s):

Robert D. Sheeler

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190933043.003.0028
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date: 11 April 2021

Functional medicine is an emergent field that combines traditional Western medicine, systems biology, and a deep understanding of biochemistry with a personalized precision approach to the individual in their sociocultural context. It believes that modifying upstream pathways and searching for root causes give better outcomes than care based on suppressing signs and symptoms of end-stage disease. Functional medicine practice uses specific tools and heuristics such as the Functional Medicine Matrix and Timeline to uncover relationships of presenting complaints to the underlying cellular level pathophysiology. The systems biology approach cuts across organ systems to find unifying biochemical and physiological imbalances that, when successfully treated, can prevent, arrest, and even ameliorate disease.

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