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Acupuncture for Gastrointestinal Disorders 

Acupuncture for Gastrointestinal Disorders
Chapter:
Acupuncture for Gastrointestinal Disorders
Author(s):

Malcolm B. Taw

, and Andrew Shubov

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190933043.003.0011
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date: 24 June 2021

This chapter provides an introduction to acupuncture, elucidates known neurobiological mechanisms of action, and summarizes the current evidence base for the use of acupuncture in the treatment of various gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. It reviews how acupuncture can increase esophageal and GI motility, reduce transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations, stimulate gastric emptying, accelerate antral contractions, regulate neurohormonal mediators, promote autonomic and vagal tone, and modulate different regions of the brain-gut-microbiota axis. The therapeutic rationale for acupuncture as well as basic theories and concepts from a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) perspective are also described. This chapter concludes with a discussion about the potential therapeutic combination of integrative East-West medicine to treat GI disorders.

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