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Why Integrative Gastroenterology? 

Why Integrative Gastroenterology?
Chapter:
Why Integrative Gastroenterology?
Author(s):

Gerard E. Mullin

, Alyssa M. Parian

, and Marvin Singh

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190933043.003.0001
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date: 18 May 2021

Digestive diseases encompass numerous acute and chronic conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, ranging from common digestive disorders to serious, life-threatening diseases. Over 60 million Americans are afflicted with known digestive diseases with the association of many other adverse health conditions and disability. The annual economic impact on the US economy is more than $141 billion. The Western diet and lifestyle contribute to this high prevalence of digestive disease in America and worldwide. The most common digestive conditions in the United States, Canada, and Europe were uncommon in Asia and Africa until recently, with the expansion of fast food franchises and heightened availability of processed foods worldwide. Digestive diseases have a complex underlying pathogenesis that involves a number of influences, including environmental factors, genetics, inflammation, and the gut microbiome. The risk of developing a digestive disease is modifiable by making key dietary and lifestyle modifications. Adopting a personalized approach to digestive illness can achieve improved patient satisfaction and quality of life for patients.

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