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Psychotropic Medications and Sleep 

Psychotropic Medications and Sleep
Chapter:
Psychotropic Medications and Sleep
Author(s):

William C. Jangro

, and Daniel A. Neff

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190929671.003.0028
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date: 05 March 2021

Psychiatric disorders, apart from impairing functioning during waking hours, also exert profound effects on sleep. The interventions used in treating these disorders can exert equally strong influences on sleep homeostasis. Pharmacologic agents that treat psychiatric disorders give rise to a broad range of effects on sleep, both beneficial and deleterious. This chapter reviews the available data on how sleep is affected by medications commonly used for the treatment of psychiatric disorders. While the focus will be on antidepressants, antiepileptic mood stabilizers, and antipsychotics, as these are the best studied medication classes in the psychiatric population, hypnotics and stimulants are also addressed. The authors focus, where available, on studies conducted in psychiatric populations.

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