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Neurological Disorders 

Neurological Disorders
Chapter:
Neurological Disorders
Author(s):

Rikinkumar S. Patel

, Muruga Loganathan

, Erik K. St. Louis

, and Amit Chopra

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190929671.003.0026
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date: 04 March 2021

Sleep disorders are frequent in patients with neurological disorders and worsen neurological, psychiatric, cognitive and rehabilitation outcomes. Optimal management of sleep disorders in neurological diseases has been associated with significantly improved clinical and quality of life outcomes. Yet, sleep disorders are often underrecognized and undertreated in neurological patients. This chapter highlights the prevalence, risk factors, pathophysiology, clinical implications, and management of common sleep disorders in neurological disorder including Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, stroke, multiple sclerosis, and traumatic brain injury. More research is warranted to fully understand this comorbidity and to consolidate evidence-based guidelines for management of sleep disorders in neurological patients.

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