Show Summary Details
Page of

Sleep Architecture and Physiology 

Sleep Architecture and Physiology
Chapter:
Sleep Architecture and Physiology
Author(s):

Deepa Burman

, and Hiren Muzumdar

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190929671.003.0002
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 02 March 2021

Sleep architecture is organized into nonrapid eye movement (Stages N1, N2, and N3) and rapid eye movement sleep that rotate through a given sleep period in discrete cycles. Each stage has specific characteristics including different electroencephalography waveforms, muscle tone, and eye movements. This chapter reviews those features and specific physiological characteristics of different stages of sleep. It also reviews how sleep architecture varies across lifespan and the importance of the knowledge of normal architecture to understand many sleep disorders. In addition, understanding physiology of normal sleep in different stages and their role in the pathophysiology of various sleep disorders are discussed. Physiological changes that occur during sleep are usually well tolerated in healthy people, but these changes may adversely affect people with vulnerable organ systems.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.