Show Summary Details
Page of

Methadone for Opioid Use Disorder 

Methadone for Opioid Use Disorder
Methadone for Opioid Use Disorder

Dennis J. Hand

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 28 June 2022

Methadone is a long-acting full opioid agonist that has a long history in the treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD). It was the first opioid agonist with OUD as an indication for use. Methadone was developed for OUD during a time of prohibition and criminalization of both addiction and the use of opioid agonists for addiction treatment, which resulted in methadone being heavily regulated at multiple levels. Methadone is frequently used in short-term withdrawal management (i.e., detoxification) and in long-term treatment, with the latter producing better treatment outcomes. This chapter explores the basic pharmacology of methadone and the development of methadone for OUD and its accompanying regulations, discusses the place of methadone in treatment for OUD, reviews the effectiveness of methadone treatment, and visits some practical factors related to methadone as part of treatment for OUD.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.