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Common Neurosurgical Procedures 

Common Neurosurgical Procedures
Chapter:
Common Neurosurgical Procedures
Author(s):

Kevin Hines

, Stavropoula Tjoumakaris

, Pascal M. Jabbour

, Robert H. Rosenwasser

, and M. Reid Gooch

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190913779.003.0001
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date: 31 March 2020

Medical management of the neurosurgical patient can be complicated. These patients may suffer from a difficult neurosurgical pathology while still living with challenging comorbidities. As a result, this population often requires cooperation between multiple teams including neurosurgeons, neurologists, neurointensivists, and hospitalists. In this chapter, the authors review common neurosurgical procedures that the neurohospitalist encounters, including ventriculoperitoneal shunting, craniotomy and craniectomy, cervical spine decompression with or without fusion, lumbar spine decompression and/or fusion, and cerebral angiograms. The authors aim to highlight the methodology, indications, and issues of perioperative medical management. Understanding these procedures is vital to minimizing adverse events and providing the best possible care for neurosurgical patients.

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