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Fundamentals of Anesthetic Care 

Fundamentals of Anesthetic Care
Fundamentals of Anesthetic Care

Claudia F. Clavijo

and Efrain Riveros-Perez

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date: 23 February 2020

This chapter focuses on the anesthesia process which can be divided into phases, from the preoperative assessment to induction, maintenance, emergence and finally to discharge. Throughout the whole process, patient safety is of paramount importance. This chapter focuses on safety measures such as surgical time-out, use of checklists, and prevention of intraoperative awareness. Fluid management, and intraoperative complications such as hypoxemia, electrolyte imbalances, and hypotension and hypertension are also discussed. The chapter discusses specific circumstances regarding anesthesia interventions including the difficult airway algorithm, extubation criteria and delayed emergence, the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting which has a huge impact on patient satisfaction, transfusion therapy, regional analgesia and anesthesia rational opioid use, as well as multiorgan support during anesthesia.

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