Show Summary Details
Page of

Symptoms and Diagnoses 

Symptoms and Diagnoses
Chapter:
Symptoms and Diagnoses
Author(s):

Edward Shorter

and Max Fink

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190881191.003.0010
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 09 March 2021

Even as researchers became aware that the neuroleptic drug–induced neurotoxic syndrome was best treated as catatonia, signs of catatonia were found more often among depressed and manic populations than among the schizophrenic. Catatonia as a sign of schizophrenia was challenged, with calls for catatonia to be recognized as a systemic independent syndrome. In 1987, James Lohr and Alexander Wisniewski laid a heavy thumb on the independent-disease side of the scales in a book, citing evidence that catatonia represents a distinct entity, but that it should be diagnosed on the basis of motor signs alone. These challenges questioned the connection of catatonia to schizophrenia. The increasing reports of deaths as a consequence of treating catatonia with potent neuroleptics stimulated interest in effective treatments and forced the separation of catatonia from schizophrenia.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.