Show Summary Details
Page of

Altered Mental Status 

Altered Mental Status
Altered Mental Status

Michelle N. Marin

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 24 September 2021

Altered mental status in a child is a common presenting complaint. One of the more common causes of altered mental status is diabetic ketoacidosis. The change in mental status from this metabolic disorder is thought to be secondary to the cerebral fluid shifts from the underlying hyperglycemia and metabolic acidosis. The only way to correct diabetic ketoacidosis and its associated symptoms like altered mental status is with intravenous fluids, insulin, and electrolyte management. This case describes the care of a child presenting with diabetic ketoacidosis and explains the testing, diagnosis, and key management points focused on subsequent fluid and electrolyte management.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.