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Fever 

Chapter:
Fever
Author(s):

Glenn Patriquin

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190865412.003.0044
Page of

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date: 16 June 2019

This case illustrates one of the most common healthcare-associated infections (HAI) in a patient who is admitted to hospital. Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) can be prevented by eliminating unnecessary urinary catheter use. Furthermore, non-specific symptoms are frequently erroneously attributed to a presumed urinary tract infection (UTI) upon isolating bacteria from a urine sample. Except for a few specific circumstances, asymptomatic bacteriuria should not be treated with antibiotics. Without symptoms consistent with UTI, growth of bacteria from urine does not constitute an infection. Culturing urine without UTI symptoms can lead to misuse of antibiotics, which can increase adverse events and drive antimicrobial resistance. This case reviews common causes of UTIs and criteria for diagnosis.

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