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Focal Weakness 

Focal Weakness
Chapter:
Focal Weakness
Author(s):

Jordan Tozer

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190865412.003.0041
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date: 16 June 2019

The case illustrates how to approach the management of intracranial hemorrhage related to severe hypertension. Early recognition is the key initial step, which will mediate downstream management and help distinguish this entity from mimics such as ischemic cerebrovascular accident, encephalopathy, and hypoglycemia. Management of intracranial hypertensive hemorrhage is predicated upon tight blood pressure control, reducing intracranial pressure, and possible neurosurgical intervention. Prognosis is uniformly poor, even when recognized early. Key management issues include the consideration of hypoglycemia in the differential diagnosis, obtaining an emergent noncontrast head computer tomography scan in a patient with stroke-like symptoms, and rapid blood pressure management.

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