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Anemia 

Chapter:
Anemia
Author(s):

Kathleen Li

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190865412.003.0038
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date: 16 June 2019

This case highlights the identification and management of acute blood loss anemia in the intensive care unit setting. It reviews common presentations of anemia and pertinent history and exam findings in cases of suspected anemia. Key management points include recognizing common risk factors for bleeding, identifying potential sources of bleeding, obtaining appropriate lab testing (including complete blood count, coagulation factors, and type and cross), assessing the need for blood transfusion, and initiating timely consultation with appropriate services such as gastroenterology to address the source of bleeding. In addition, this case provides an overview of indications for blood transfusion, commonly accepted transfusion thresholds, and risks associated with blood product transfusion.

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