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Improving the Quality of Care across All Settings 

Improving the Quality of Care across All Settings
Chapter:
Improving the Quality of Care across All Settings
Author(s):

Marilyn Bookbinder

, Romina Arceo

, and James T. McDaniel

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190862374.003.0048
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date: 18 October 2019

This chapter provides perspectives on quality-based initiatives in the United States across healthcare settings and populations and describes their impact on patient, professional, and system outcomes. The authors discuss the need for quality improvement (QI) at end of life, QI principles, and the models, methods, and tools most frequently used. Also described are areas of national priority for improving end-of-life (EOL) care. A care-path for the end of life is used to illustrate a QI effort and the FOCUS_PDSA method and to encourage use of specific tools for improving EOL care, including respiratory distress, and a clinician assessment of EOL care using The Joint Commission (TJC) tracer methodology. The authors review the linkages between QI and practice changes in hospitals and hospices that ultimately lead to improved EOL care and close with examples of how nurses are providing leadership in the field of quality hospice and palliative care.

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