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Urgent Syndromes at the End of Life 

Urgent Syndromes at the End of Life
Chapter:
Urgent Syndromes at the End of Life
Author(s):

Quinten Robertson

, and Kelli Gershon

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190862374.003.0026
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date: 18 October 2019

During the end-of-life stage, patients can experience a variety of urgent syndromes that can be treated effectively to reduce pain and improve quality of life. Conditions such as superior vena cava obstruction, pleural effusion, hemoptysis, spinal cord compression, hypercalcemia, and pathological fractures often result from progression across the disease trajectory and are particularly common among patients with advanced cancers. Nursing and medical caregivers must be familiar with these conditions, recognize them when they occur, and provide appropriate education and support for the patient and his or her family in addition to effective medical intervention. Awareness of urgent syndromes that may occur at end of life can help caregivers to provide more effectual palliative care that diminishes distress and suffering for the patient and their family.

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