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Total Hip Arthroplasty 

Total Hip Arthroplasty
Chapter:
Total Hip Arthroplasty
Author(s):

Sydney E. Rose

, and Julio A. Gonzalez-Sotomayor

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190856649.003.0007
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date: 20 September 2019

This chapter discusses the goals, procedure, and potential outcomes of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Patients may be candidates for a THA when they have severe arthritis of their hip(s) (degeneration of cartilage covering the ends of the bones creating the hip joint). Arthritic hip pain is often progressive and gets worse as the cartilage continues to deteriorate. Typically, at the time a patient seeks hip arthroplasty, his or her quality of life has become very compromised. In a total hip arthroplasty, damaged bone and cartilage of the hip joint are removed and replaced with prosthetic components. THA can be performed under neuraxial anesthesia (spinal or epidural) or general anesthesia or a combination of both.

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