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Basic Clinical Syndromes and Definitions 

Basic Clinical Syndromes and Definitions
Chapter:
Basic Clinical Syndromes and Definitions
Author(s):

Aparna Pendurthi

and Maxim Mokin

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190856519.003.0001
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date: 26 June 2019

The goal for neurological evaluation in the Emergency Department is to appropriately route potential acute stroke patients toward medical or surgical interventions in the most expedient manner possible. This chapter focuses on familiarizing the reader with main stroke subtypes and clinical manifestations associated with specific syndromes. Acute neurologic episodes being evaluated in the emergent setting for stroke workup can be divided into broad categories based on duration of symptoms, clinical presentation, and findings from basic imaging. This chapter explores the most common of these stroke syndromes and discusses the classification and clinical characteristics of transient ischemic attacks and ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes.

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