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Gastrointestinal Emergencies 

Gastrointestinal Emergencies
Chapter:
Gastrointestinal Emergencies
Author(s):

Sukhjit Dhillon

, James McCue

, Steven Riccoboni

, and Caleb Sunde

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190852955.003.0002
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date: 28 June 2022

Gastrointestinal disorders and emergencies are one of the most common presentations to an emergency department (ED). Symptoms frequently seen in the ED include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and fever. The differential diagnosis changes depending on the age and gender of the patient, duration of symptoms, the systemic effects, recent travel or exposures, and the description of the symptoms. Life-threatening emergencies include abdominal aortic aneurysm, mesenteric ischemia, foreign body ingestion, gastrointestinal bleeding, acute pancreatitis, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, aortoenteric fistula, and acute bilirubin encephalopathy, among others. It is the emergency physician’s job to recognize these life-threatening conditions of the gastrointestinal tract and start treatment.

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