Show Summary Details
Page of

Gastrointestinal Emergencies 

Gastrointestinal Emergencies
Gastrointestinal Emergencies

Sukhjit Dhillon

, James McCue

, Steven Riccoboni

, and Caleb Sunde

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 28 June 2022

Gastrointestinal disorders and emergencies are one of the most common presentations to an emergency department (ED). Symptoms frequently seen in the ED include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and fever. The differential diagnosis changes depending on the age and gender of the patient, duration of symptoms, the systemic effects, recent travel or exposures, and the description of the symptoms. Life-threatening emergencies include abdominal aortic aneurysm, mesenteric ischemia, foreign body ingestion, gastrointestinal bleeding, acute pancreatitis, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, aortoenteric fistula, and acute bilirubin encephalopathy, among others. It is the emergency physician’s job to recognize these life-threatening conditions of the gastrointestinal tract and start treatment.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.