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Minority Stress Theory and Internalized Prejudice: Links to Clinical Psychiatric Practice 

Minority Stress Theory and Internalized Prejudice: Links to Clinical Psychiatric Practice
Chapter:
Minority Stress Theory and Internalized Prejudice: Links to Clinical Psychiatric Practice
Author(s):

Christine Crawford

, Lisa Sangermano

, and Nhi-Ha T. Trinh

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190849986.003.0007
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date: 03 March 2021

Minority groups within the United States continuously endure stress placed upon them by the dominant culture. The ongoing stresses of racism, prejudice, and discrimination have lasting and deleterious effects on minorities’ physical and emotional well-being. In this chapter, we provide an overview of the concept of minority stress theory and describe the various sociological and psychological constructs contributing to its development. We then examine the various elements of internalized prejudice, review validated measurement scales used to quantify internalized prejudice in minority populations, and present evidence on the role of internalized prejudice in a number of psychiatric conditions. We discuss the concept of intersectionality and its implications for mental health. At the end of this chapter, we provide clinical recommendations to address the complexities of minority stress theory and internalized prejudice in psychiatric illness.

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