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Addictions: Evidence for Integrative Treatment 

Addictions: Evidence for Integrative Treatment
Chapter:
Addictions: Evidence for Integrative Treatment
Author(s):

Mary F. Morrison

, Karen Lin

, and Susan Gersh

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190690557.003.0021
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date: 07 April 2020

Legal and illicit substance use disorders are common conditions associated with substantial impairment in health as well as social and occupational functioning. Integrative medicine proposes modalities that offer promise for increasing the likelihood of undertaking treatment for substance use as well as retaining individuals in treatment. Of the integrative therapies discussed, mindfulness-based therapies have both the greatest number of and most rigorous studies for substance use disorders. Mindfulness-based therapies can significantly reduce the consumption of tobacco, alcohol, and other substances compared to control conditions. Complementary therapies reviewed include acupuncture, mindfulness-based practices, exercise, yoga, biofeedback and neurofeedback, art and music therapy, as well as diet and dietary supplements, both herbal and vitamin. Given the high acceptability and low cost of integrative medicine interventions, studies employing these techniques as adjunctive therapies to conventional treatments should be more vigorously supported if they are well-designed and include adequate numbers of subjects.

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