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Integrative Treatment of Anxiety 

Integrative Treatment of Anxiety
Chapter:
Integrative Treatment of Anxiety
Author(s):

Birgit Rakel

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190690557.003.0019
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date: 22 September 2020

Anxiety and anxiety disorders are among the most common complaints of people in all populations. Fear and anxiety are similar, but fear relates to immediate threats while anxiety refers to anticipation of future threats. Patients with anxiety symptoms frequently seek integrative approaches to help reduce their symptoms. Medications such as benzodiazepines are useful in certain anxiety conditions but have a number of side effects and may be addictive. Dietary influences can have a significant effect of augmenting or alleviating anxiety. Gut microbiota may play an important role in anxiety and other emotions. Mind–body techniques such as meditation or mindfulness programs have been shown to significantly reduce anxiety symptoms. Several supplements such as kava kava, lavender, and chamomile may also have anti-anxiety effects. This chapter reviews the current data on the use of integrative therapies in psychiatric symptoms and disorders.

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