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Commonly Encountered Sleep Disorders 

Commonly Encountered Sleep Disorders
Chapter:
Commonly Encountered Sleep Disorders
Author(s):

Karl Doghramji

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190690557.003.0015
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date: 29 March 2020

Complaints related to sleep and wakefulness are some of the most commonly encountered in clinical settings. This chapter reviews specific sleep disorders including insomnia disorder, hypersomnolence disorder, narcolepsy, obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome, central sleep apnea syndrome and selected parasomnias (nonrapid eye movement sleep arousal disorders and rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder). These disorders are some of the best characterized and commonly comorbid with other medical and psychiatric disorders. Their defining characteristics, diagnostic modalities, and treatment options are summarized. Topics covered in this chapter include narcolepsy, cataplexy, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, periodic limb movement disorder, obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, hypersomnolence.

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