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Hypnosis and Biofeedback as Prototypes of Mind–Body Medicine 

Hypnosis and Biofeedback as Prototypes of Mind–Body Medicine
Chapter:
Hypnosis and Biofeedback as Prototypes of Mind–Body Medicine
Author(s):

Marie Stoner

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190690557.003.0011
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date: 09 April 2020

Hypnotizability is a strong moderator for treatment outcome in patients with psychiatric disorders. Hypnosis is able to reduce distress and pain in short procedures and has been particularly useful in cancer procedures. Gut-directed hypnotherapy for irritable bowel syndrome has shown substantial results for structured short-term scripted treatment. Biofeedback for hypertension is successful when clinical practice guidelines identifying patient characteristics are followed. Heart rate variability biofeedback shows promise as a technique to directly target self-regulatory mechanisms. Innovative use of real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging neurofeedback is showing promise for altering neural patterns underlying diverse disorders such as clinical depression and chronic pain. Obsessive-compulsive disorder and eating disorders patients may be selectively responsive to hypnotic suggestion. This chapter reviews the basis of hypnosis and related approaches to the management of patients with psychiatric conditions.

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