Show Summary Details
Page of

Patient Management 

Patient Management

John W. Kreit

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 August 2019

Respiratory failure occurs when a disease process significantly interferes with the respiratory system’s vital functions and causes arterial hypoxemia, hypercapnia, or both. Typically, respiratory failure is divided into three categories based on the underlying pathophysiology: ventilation failure, oxygenation failure, and oxygenation-ventilation failure. With severe disturbances in gas exchange, mechanical ventilation is often needed to assist the respiratory system and restore the PaCO2, PaO2, or both, to normal. Respiratory Failure and the Indications for Mechanical Ventilation defines and describes the three types of respiratory failure and reviews the four indications for intubation and mechanical ventilation—acute or acute-on-chronic hypercapnia, refractory hypoxemia, inability to protect the lower airway, and upper airway obstruction.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.