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Fetal Imaging for the Neurologist 

Fetal Imaging for the Neurologist
Fetal Imaging for the Neurologist

Neil S. Seligman

, and Mitchell Chess

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date: 19 June 2021

In general, ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are not associated with maternal or fetal risks and are the imaging techniques of choice for the pregnant patient. Ultrasound is the mainstay of obstetric imaging because it is safe and easily performed. However, MRI is becoming more useful as an adjunct in cases of questionable ultrasound findings or if additional information is needed to plan patient care. MRI lacks the potential risks of ionizing radiation associated with other forms of imaging and, when needed, gadolinium can be used (however, use remains uncommon in current practice). For maternal evaluation in patients with neuromuscular disorders MRI is ideal for imaging. Nevertheless, any imaging (either maternal or fetal) should be used only when needed. Furthermore, if other imaging modalities (CT, MRI with contrast, etc.) are better for assessing the mother’s or fetus’s condition and the information will influence the pregnancy care, these should be utilized.

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