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Inguinal Region and Hernias 

Inguinal Region and Hernias
Chapter:
Inguinal Region and Hernias
Author(s):

Jad M. Abdelsattar

, Moustafa M. El Khatib

, T. K. Pandian

, Samuel J. Allen

, and David R. Farley

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190650506.003.0009
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date: 09 May 2021

Failure of fusion of the processus vaginalis in childhood can predispose to indirect inguinal hernias. The inferior portion of the EO muscle runs between the ASIS and the pubic tubercle; as it folds underneath itself, it forms the inguinal ligament. A hernia is the protrusion of a hollow viscus through a musculoaponeurotic opening. Groin discomfort and a palpable bulge are common. Hernias should be diagnosed on the basis of signs and symptoms. Symptomatic hernias are repaired with open mesh or laparoscopic approaches. Early postoperative complications include urinary retention (1%-10%), hematoma (1%-2%), and superficial skin infection (about 1%).

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