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Vascular Surgery 

Vascular Surgery
Vascular Surgery

Jad M. Abdelsattar

, Moustafa M. El Khatib

, T. K. Pandian

, Samuel J. Allen

, and David R. Farley

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date: 09 May 2021

Blood vessels are formed from mesoderm-derived endothelial cells. Arteries, arterioles, and capillaries carry blood from the heart to tissues; venules and veins return blood to the heart. The force exerted by blood on the blood vessel wall is BP and is expressed in mm Hg. Vascular diseases present in various forms, such as bleeding, clotting, stroke, headache, and heart attack. Arteriography was the standard for evaluating arterial disease, but CT angiography and MRI are useful and ever improving. Postoperative concerns include bleeding, clotting, ischemia, stroke, and myocardial infarction.

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