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Jad M. Abdelsattar

, Moustafa M. El Khatib

, T. K. Pandian

, Samuel J. Allen

, and David R. Farley

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date: 18 May 2021

The pancreas forms from the dorsal and ventral endodermal buds, which develop at the foregut-midgut junction. The head of the pancreas lies in the duodenal C-loop, anterior to the IVC and left renal vein. Islets of Langerhans carry out the endocrine function of the pancreas. Acute pancreatitis is caused by gallstones, alcohol, and trauma. CT with an IV contrast agent may be used to diagnose pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer, or complications after pancreatic surgery. Most patients with acute pancreatitis are managed conservatively. Pancreatic leaks occur in approximately 20% of operations on the pancreas.

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