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Comprehensive Review of Discography in Spinal Pain 

Comprehensive Review of Discography in Spinal Pain
Comprehensive Review of Discography in Spinal Pain

Graham R. Hadley

, Matthew Novitch

, Mark R. Jones

, Vwaire Orhurhu

, Alan D. Kaye

, and Sudhir A. Diwan

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date: 11 August 2020

Neck and back pain are common in the adult population, with many adults experiencing such pain at any one point in time. Both are a common cause of disability and socioeconomic burden, with relatively high annual prevalence rates. The aim of discography involves determination of the morphology of the nucleus pulposus and annulus fibrosus of the intervertebral disc. The knowledge of structural integrity of the disc is the fundamental principle in determining whether the neck or back pain is discogenic in nature. This chapter discusses the safety profile and diagnostic utility of discography, as well as the controversy that still remains over its clinical use, with respect to the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine regions.

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