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Sympathetic Pain Syndromes 

Sympathetic Pain Syndromes
Chapter:
Sympathetic Pain Syndromes
Author(s):

Kenneth D. Candido

and Teresa M. Kusper

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190626761.003.0013
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date: 14 April 2021

This chapter is a brief overview of the major sympathetic pain syndromes and their clinical characteristics, treatment, and preventative measures. It offers a concise overview of distinguishing characteristics, pathogenetic mechanisms, available treatment options for major sympathetic pain syndromes, and in-depth discussion pertaining to complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) and the influence of specific surgical procedures on the development of this syndrome. Risk factors and pathogenetic mechanisms related to the emergence of CRPS after orthopedic and spine surgeries have been analyzed, as well as therapies and practices used preemptively to prevent new CRPS and worsening of chronic pain and disability in the affected limb. Finally, possible therapies for the postsurgical period are discussed to facilitate rehabilitation and speed up recovery after orthopedic and spinal surgeries in this patient population.

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