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Motivational Interviewing and the Adolescent/Young Adult HIV Care Continuum 

Motivational Interviewing and the Adolescent/Young Adult HIV Care Continuum
Motivational Interviewing and the Adolescent/Young Adult HIV Care Continuum

Sylvie Naar

, and Maurice Bulls

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date: 25 May 2022

This chapter explores the HIV care continuum specifically with youth living with HIV (YLH). The authors review relevant HIV statistics, including the trends in YLH. The authors then examine the fit of motivational interviewing (MI) with adolescent development, arguing that it is an excellent strategy to include in promoting self-management of HIV. Multiple examples are also provided for programs and interventions using MI with youth. This chapter provides specific details on how MI can be leveraged in working with YLH, although many of these insights can generalize to adult populations. In the final section, the authors examine the future direction of MI in the care of YLH. They argue that once MI has helped to motivate YLH toward change, the substitution for or addition of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) may be warranted. In this way, the more action-oriented strategies of CBT strengthen the behavior changes that MI has helped to put in motion.

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