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Learning and Experiencing Motivational Interviewing 

Learning and Experiencing Motivational Interviewing
Chapter:
Learning and Experiencing Motivational Interviewing
Author(s):

Jin Cheng

, Claire Becker

, and Antoine Douaihy

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190619954.003.0013
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date: 26 May 2022

Training in motivational interviewing (MI) has increasingly become more innovative. In this chapter, the authors review the necessary components and key requirements to learning MI. The chapter discusses the fundamental importance of feedback and coaching in the learning and practice processes. Complementary to the feedback, modeling from mentors is incredibly helpful in learning MI. The chapter emphasizes the approach of practicing MI mindfully, which requires focus and attunement toward rough areas and improvement. MI advances a skill set that draws on a certain conversational mindset and “heartset.” The authors review the stages in learning MI, which include adopting the spirit of motivational interviewing; using open-ended questions, affirmations, reflections and summarizations (OARS); encouraging “change talk”; allowing and accepting “sustain talk”; developing a change plan; consolidating commitment; and integrating MI with other modalities.

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