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Substance Use and Motivational Interviewing 

Substance Use and Motivational Interviewing
Substance Use and Motivational Interviewing

Liu yi Lin

, Linda R. Frank

, and Antoine Douaihy

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date: 15 January 2021

People living with HIV (PLWH) who use drugs and alcohol are particularly likely to experience gaps across the HIV care continuum. People with co-occurring HIV and a substance use disorder face significant challenges in treatment. Substance use is well-known to be linked to important health behaviors and outcomes including adherence to antiretroviral and treatment, immunosuppression, and sexual risk behaviors. This chapter provides a review of the impact of substance use in PLWH and the role of motivational interviewing as part of an integrated approach to care of PLWH with co-occurring substance use disorders. The chapter concludes with a case example to illustrate the role that motivational interviewing can play the care of PLWH with a co-morbidity of substance use disorder.

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